Diarrhea will make you uncomfortable, and it can be effectively treated with sufficient rest and taking some home remedies. It is a digestive system-related problem that leads to loose and watery bowel movements. It makes you feel uncomfortable for 1 or 2 days; after that, the symptoms should be improved. Sometimes the system may last longer. Mostly, diarrhea will go on its own, and there are several home remedies that provide fast recovery.
Diarrhea leads to the loss of fluids in your body, and thus it is essential to rehydrate it. Diarrhea causes your body to decrease electrolytes like sodium and chloride. Dehydration may get worse in children and older adults, and so it is essential to drink water if they have diarrhea.
The primary step in rehydration is drinking water. You can consume an oral rehydration solution by adding 1 liter of water with one teaspoon of salt and six teaspoons of sugar. Intaking sugar and salt with water aid the intestines to absorb more fluids. So, this solution will effectively rehydrate your body after diarrhea.
You can also consume sports drinks to rehydrate your body and restore potassium and sodium level. Fruit juices like orange juice will also be helpful in restoring potassium.
It would help, only if you have avoided certain drinks such as caffeinated drinks, alcohol, carbonated beverages, and hot drinks, which further irritate the digestive tract.
What is Good for Diarrhea?
During diarrhea, better consider eating small and frequent lighter meals instead of over eating three larger meals. A good diet for diarrhea is fruits with a rich source of pectin. Foods enriched with potassium like potatoes and sweet potatoes; drinks with electrolytes such as soup and sports drinks; cooked protein-rich vegetables are also good for diarrhea.
Having a liquid diet such as salty broths, soups, and drinks for diarrhea will aid in calming and relaxing the digestive system. People with diarrhea can also eat BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Apple sauce, Toast). This diet has food items that contain a low amount of fiber and a high quantity of starch, which may improve solid bowel movements. It also has nutrients, such as potassium and pectin.
What is Bad for Diarrhea?
Better avoid greasy foods, high-fat foods, spicy foods, foods with artificial sweeteners, high levels of fructose foods. Because it will irritate the gastrointestinal tract. Consuming dairy products may also worsen the diarrhea conditions in some people. These foods will further aggravate your pitta.
- Spicy Foods
Usually, Spicy ingredients cause displeasure in the digestive system. So consuming spicy foods during diarrhea will worsen the situation. That’s why people who are experiencing diarrhea should eat bland foods, which lower the risk of triggering the digestive system.
- Fried Foods
Fried foods are rich in fats and oils, which may be difficult to digest by the sensitive digestive system during diarrhea and so it makes symptoms worse. So, it is not advisable to consume fat or oily foods during the recovery period of diarrhea.
- Sugary foods and artificial sweeteners
People with diarrhea should not eat high sugar fruits because they have a laxative property. When sugar passes into the colon, it disrupts sensitive bacteria present in the colon and thus makes diarrhea worse.
- High Fiber Foods
Better avoid fiber-rich food because it aids in maintaining the digestive system active. Keeping the digestive tract busy is a good thing, but it will make the symptoms even worse during diarrhea.
Insoluble fibers are the worst suggestion during diarrhea, and they are present in foods like wheat, rice, barley, whole-grain bread and baked goods; grain cereals, nuts, and seeds. But Soluble fiber (pectin) fruits like apples and bananas help the person to recover from diarrhea.
Other foods which should be avoided are
- Processed and packed food
- Onion and garlic
- Raw vegetables
- Cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower produce gas in the intestines.
- Citrus fruits irritate the digestive system.
- Meats such as sardines, pork, and veal
Probiotics are developed with good bacteria that aids in maintaining the body healthy. This good bacteria helps in fighting against harmful bacteria and thus makes you feel better. Probiotics is also helpful to the digestive system by supporting the proper functioning of the gut and fighting against infection. Probiotics are the bacteria and yeasts present in some yogurts and fermented foods.
Researchers found that probiotics have shortened the recovery period in diarrhea. They also claimed that probiotics are safe without any side effects.
When to see a doctor for diarrhea? You have to immediately consult the medical advisor during the symptoms, including blood in bowel movements, fever, dehydration signs like excess thirst and dry mouth, diarrhea during sleep, weight loss, and abdominal pain.
Diarrhea – Ayurvedic View
According to Ayurvedic text, diarrhea is caused due to the weakened digestive fire, which is due to excess pitta. This diarrhea will make the absorption and assimilation process slower, and so the movement of food through the digestive system gets accelerated, leading to liquid stools. Ayurveda has suggested various remedies to calm down pitta and to stimulate Agni. Here are the following remedies that act against the pitta’s hot, sharp, and liquid qualities, thus helpful in returning regular bowel movements.
Binding Foods for Diarrhea
Diet is the most effective way to treat diarrhea. Here, you have to eat a pitta pacifying diet, nourishing foods and consume energetic cool foods and drinks such as cilantro, coconut, coriander, fennel, and mint. We have listed some of the binding foods for diarrhea.
- Stewed Apples
Slice 1–2 apples and place it in a small saucepan with sufficient water. Add one teaspoon ghee and a pinch of cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, and mineral salt. Boil it in a simmer for 10-20 minutes. The apples are astringent, which aids in binding the stools.
- Spiced Bananas
Took 1–2 ripe banana pieces and added it with one teaspoon of warm ghee and a pinch of cinnamon, cardamom, and nutmeg. This delicious dish will nourish yourself, and the potassium content in the bananas aids in binding the stool.
- Cooked Rice and Yogurt
Take the needed amount of cooked rice and add one tablespoon of ghee and some amount of homemade yogurt. Mix them together and eat. This gives a soothing, binding, and nourishing property. Probiotics present in the yogurt restores the strength of Agni.
- Diluted Yogurt
Mix 1/2 cup of fresh and plain homemade yogurt, half a cup of water, and a small quantity of fresh ginger and drink it. It’s probiotic property will make the drink easy to digest and triggers Agni.
Natural Remedies for Diarrhea ( Using Herbs and Spices)
There are various herbal combinations that are useful to calm down pitta in the digestive system. You can prepare this combination with simple ingredients that are available in your house.
Preparation 1: Add one teaspoon ghee, 1/4 teaspoon ginger powder, and 1/4 teaspoon natural sugar. Consume this mixture thrice a day for two to three days to get relief from diarrhea.
Preparation 2: Mix half teaspoon fennel powder and half teaspoon ginger powder. Chew and eat this mixture gently two to three times per day.
Preparation 3: Boil a few mint leaves, one tablespoon of fennel seeds, two cardamoms, and a small piece of cinnamon with three glasses of water for 10 minutes. Then filter it, add sugar and salt. Drink it thrice a day.
Preparation 4: Add one teaspoon of psyllium husk and 1 cup of fresh, plain homemade yogurt and consume this mixture at bedtime. The psyllium husks have the capacity to absorb excess pitta and aids in binding the stool. The yogurt provides probiotic property for kindling Agni.
Mostly, diarrhea will last for only a few days, and it also gets cured with home treatments. Intaking a simple proper diet, improving fluid intake, and herbal or homemade medicinal preparation will minimize the symptoms quickly. If the body does not respond to this, consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.