Botanical Name: Delonix regia
Common name: Leguminosae, Royal Poinciana, Flame Tree
Bloom time: May-July
Height: 6 – 9m
Spread: 6 – 12m
Difficulty: Easy to grow
Hindi: Gulmohar गुलमोहर
Kannada: Kempu torai, Gentige hoo
Delonix regia is the flowering plant species in the family of Fabaceae. This flame tree is famous for its fern-like leaves and flame-like flowers. It is grown as an ornamental tree in most tropical regions of the world.
In English, it has named Royal Poinciana or Flamboyant. It is also one of several trees known as the Flame tree. In India, it is known as Gulmohar in Hindi.
The tree is entirely vivid and yields red/vermilion/orange / yellow-colored flowers. As it grows to a significant height of 5 meters but can reach up to 12 meters, this ornamental tree is also used as a shade tree in tropical areas.
It spreads wide of 12 meters, and it has dense foliage that provides full shade. In particular areas with a dry season, this plant sheds leaves because of drought yet evergreen in other regions.
It yields large flowers with four spreading scarlets. The orange-red petals of flowers reach up to 8 cm long. The fifth upright petal is called a standard that is slightly larger and spotted with yellow and white. The seed pods get dark brown color with 60 cm length, 5 cm width, and 0.4 g weight.
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Well-drained soil
Soil PH: Acidic, Alkaline, Neutral
Temperature: 45ºF (7.2ºC)
Fertilizer: Use organic fertilizer