Scientific Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Species: C. pulcherrima
Hindi: गुलेतूरा guletura
Telugu: రత్నగంధీ Ratnagandhi
Kannada: Kenjige, Rathna Gentige
Manipuri: ক্রিশ্নচূরা Krishnachura
Bengali: ক্রিশ্নচূড়া Krishnachura, রাধাচূড়া Radhachura
The native of the peacock flower is West Indies to Mexico. It is a tropical evergreen small tree and the family of this tree is Caesalpiniaceae.
The Brilliant red-orange flowers and the yellow double-ring flowers are bloom in this tree. A long red stamen is located in the center of the petal.
In the tropical zone, the height of this tree is 15-20′, and the branches are spread widely in the same width. In cultivation the peacock flower is usually 8-12′ tall, growing that large even after freezing to the ground the previous winter.
The stem, branches, and petioles are armed with sharp spines and the leaves are fernlike and twice compound, with many small, oval leaflets.
Peacock Flower Uses:
- The Fruits and seeds of this tree are used as the food
- It is also used as the dyestuffs
- This plant is used for medicine and the pharmaceutical use
- It is also performed as a stimulant and drug.
Peacock Flower Tree Characteristics:
Plant Type: Shrub, Tree
Life type: tropical Evergreen small trees
Height: 2-5 m
Leaf Color: Green
Leaf shape: oval-shaped-long elliptical oval
Leaf lamina length:1 to 1.5 cm
Leaf width:0.8 – 1 cm
Left-right asymmetric flowers
Flower color: red-orange, yellow
Flower Petals: 4-5 petals/rays
Flower diameter: 4-5 cm
Flowering time: June-October
Fruit types: bean fruits
Fruit length: 10 cm
Like uses: potted plants, Garden