About Navagraha Homa
Navarathna and Navagraha are ‘cosmic influencers’ on the living beings of Bhumidevi that is Mother Earth. Navagraha Homa is performed for the nine super planetary bodies, which help to enhance positive grace and eradicate wrong deeds. Each planet is associated with a tree and the twigs of the plant are assigned to the sacrificial fire using their respective spells or mantras.
In Hindu astrology and belief, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn are the five planets of Navagraha or Navarathna. The remaining four bodies are the sun, moon, Rahu (north or ascending lunar node), and Ketu (south or descending lunar node) which are not planets but each of these nine forces is a major celestial body.
1. Suryan – The Sun
Surya Graha is one of the Adityas, main solar deity, and a son of Kasyapa and Aditi. He has golden arms and hair. Seven horses attached in his chariot. The seven horses mean seven chakras.
He officiates at Sunday or Ravivaram. Surya is one of the daily visible forms of God to mankind as per the Hindu religion. Surya is regarded as an aspect of Shiva and Vishnu by Shaivites and Vaishnavas respectively.
Vaishnavas call Surya Surya Narayana while Shaivites see the Sun or Surya as Astamurthi which is one of eight forms of Shiva. He has Sattva Guna and resembles the Soul, a King, highly placed persons, or fathers.
2. Chandran – The Moon
Chandran is also called Soma and recognized with the Vedic Lunar deity Soma. Chandran is said to be beautiful, young, fair, and two armed. He has club and lotus in his hands. His chariot pulled by ten horses.
Dew is one of the fertility of God in which Chandran is connected with. He called by other names such as Nishadipati where Nisha means Night and Adipathi means Owner or Lord and Kshuparaka who illuminates the night.
He officiated on Monday or Somvaram. Chandran represents the mother or queen or the mind. He married daughters of Daksha Prajapathi. So he has 27 wives that represent 27 Nakshatras. Budha, the Mercury is a son of Soma and Taraka.
3. Mangala – Mars
Mangala is the god of the red planet Mars. Mars is also called Angaraka because of its color or Bhauma as he is the son of Bhumi. He is the god of celibate and war. He is the son of Prithvi or Bhumi who is the Goddess of the Earth.
He is the owner of the Aries and Scorpio signs, and a teacher of the occult sciences (Ruchaka Mahapurusha Yoga).
He presents Tamas Guna in nature and resembles Energetic action, confidence, and ego. He has red or flame color, four-armed. He has seen carrying a trident, club, lotus, and a spear. His Vahana (mount) is a ram. He officiates over Mangal-war that is Tuesday.
4. Budha – Mercury
Budha is a son of Chandran (Moon) and Taraka who is also a god of the Mercury and merchandise and protector of merchants.
He is Green in color and projects Rajas Guna and represents Communication. He is described as mild and eloquent. He is seen holding a scimitar, a club, and a shield. His vehicle is riding a winged lion.
Budha officiates over ‘Budh-war ‘ or Wednesday. In Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada, and Gujarati, Wednesday is called Budhvara, in Tamil and Malayalam, it is Budhan.
5. Brihaspati – Jupiter
Brihaspati is a name from Vedic deity, the personification of piety and religion who is the chief offerer of prayers and sacrifices. He represented as the Purohita of the gods with whom he meditates for mankind.
He is the god of the planet Jupiter. He shows Sattva Guna and represents knowledge and teaching. Based on Hindu scriptures, Brihaspati is the guru of the Devas and adversary of Shukracharya, the guru of the Danavas.
He is also known as Guru, the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed, such as the “atheistic ” Barhaspatya sutras. He is of yellow or golden color. He carries a stick, a lotus, and his beads. He officiates over ‘Guru-war ‘ or Thursday.
6. Shukra – Venus
Shukra’s meaning in Sanskrit is clear, pure, or brightness, clearness. He is the son of Bhrigu and Ushana. He is the preceptor of the Daityas, and the guru of the Asuras, connected with the planet Venus (Shukracharya).
He officiates over ‘Shukra-war ‘ or Friday. He is Rajas in nature and a sign of wealth, pleasure, and reproduction. He is middle-aged, and of white complexion, and agreeable countenance. He is mostly described as mounting on a camel or a horse or a crocodile. He holds a stick, beads, and a lotus and sometimes he saw with a bow and arrow.
In Astrology, there is a dasha which is a planetary period in some places called Shukra Dasha that remains active in a person ‘s horoscope for 20 years. This dasha gives more wealth, fortune, and luxury to one’s living if a person has Shukra positioned well in his horoscope.
7. Shani – Saturn
Shani is one of the main astronomical beings in Vedic astrology that is the Hindu religion. Shani is the god of Saturn planet. She officiates over ‘Shani-war’ or Saturday.
He represents Career, longevity, and learning tough things. The name comes from ‘Shanaye Kramati Sa’ that is one who moves slowly.
Saturn planet takes around 30 years to run around the Sun. Shani in Sankrit means demi-god. Shani is the son of Suryan (The Sun) and Chhaya. The Suryan went to an eclipse when his son Shani opened his for the first time after born. This incident shows the power of Shani. Shani is black or dark in color. He has a sword, arrows, and two daggers. Crow is his holy vehicle.
8. Rahu – Ascending / North lunar node
Rahu is actually a head without a body who is the God of Ascending / North lunar node. He is the head of the demonic snake that often swallows the sun and moon which known as eclipses in Hindu astrology. He is described as a dragon without a body. His chariot pulled by eight horses.
He is a Tamsa asura who affects the life of anyone that he controls. The Rahu Kalam is an inauspicious period based on the Hindu religion.
While Devas and Asuras driver the Samudra using Adhiseshan, holy nectar has come up. But the nectar is not given to asuras as it gives the power of immortal whoever drinks. So Rahu came up in a different appearance and drank some of this divine nectar.
But the Mohini, who is the feminine incarnation of Lord Vishnu cut off Rahu’s head before the nectar reaches his throat. However, the head remained immortal which is called Rahu the rest of the body becomes Ketu.
This immortal head swallows the Sun and the Moon occasionally and causes eclipses. After that the sun and moon pass through the opening at the neck, ending the eclipse.
9. Ketu – Descending / South lunar node
Ketu is the god of the Descending/South lunar node. Ketu graham is said as a “shadow ” planet. He is considered as Tail of the Demon Snake. This graham is believed to impact human life and also the whole creation tremendously.
In some special conditions, Ketu kalam helps someone achieve fame. He is Tamas in nature and represents supernatural influences.
Astronomically, Ketu and Rahu denote the points of intersection of the Sun and the Moon paths as they move on the celestial sphere.
Therefore, Rahu and Ketu are called the north and the south lunar nodes respectively. The fact that eclipses occur when Sun and Moon are at one of these points gives meaning to the story of the swallowing of the Sun and the Moon.
When to Perform Navagraha Homam?
The pooja date can be fixed based on one’s nakshatra, Lagna, and horoscope. Also check, the yoga and thithi of that particular date for performing Homam.
Navagraha / Navarathna Homam Package Contains:
|Tamil Name||English Name||Quantity|
|மஞ்சள் பொடி||Turmeric Powder||200g|
|அகர்பதி||Incenses Stick||1 Packet|
|பச்சரிசி||Raw Rice||1 kg|
|கோதுமை, நெல், துவரை, உளுந்து கொள்ளு, எள், பச்சை பயிறு, பச்சை பட்டாணி .அவறை||Wheat Paddy, Pigeonpea, Black Gram, Horse Gram, Sesame, green gram, Green Peas, Bean||1 kg|
|உலர் திராட்சை||Dry Grapes||100g|