Other Common Names
Tamil Name: Gummadi, Umi, Kumalaa, Kumpal, Kumutai (குமுதை), Peru-n-kumil (பெருங்குமிழ்)
Telugu Name: Pedda Gumudu Teku(పెద్ద గుముడు టేకు), Peggummudu, summadi, Gumar-tek, Tagumuda, Pedda-gomru
Malayalam Name: Kumbil, Kumizhu, Kumizhanpazham, Kumizh (കുമിഴ്), Sevana
Kannada Name: Kashmiri Mara (ಕಾಶ್ಮೀರಿ ಮರ), Kooli mara, Shivanimara (ಶಿವನಿಮರ), Kumbuda, Shivanigida, Kumbala mara
Hindi Name: Gumbar (गमहर), Bhadraparni (भद्रपर्णी), Kamara, Sewan, Khambhari, Khammara
Marathi Name: Thōraśivaṇī (थोरशिवणी), Shivan (शिवण), Siwan
Gujarati Name: શેવન Shevon, Shewan, Shivan
Bengali Name: Gāmāra (গামার), Gamar, Gambhari (গাম্ভারি), Gambar
Punjabi Name: Gumhar, Kumhar
Oriya Name: Bhodropornni, Butalo, Thlanvawng, Gambhari, Kumar,ଗମ୍ଭାରୀ
Manipuri Name: Wang (ৱাং)
Kasmiri Name: Mara, shivani
Nepali Name: Khamaari
Sanskrit Name: Gambhari (गम्भारी), Sindhuparni (सिन्धुपर्णी), Sindhuveshanam (सिन्धुवेषणम्), Stulatvacha (स्तूलत्वचा), Bhadraparni, Katphalah, Sarvato-Bhadra, Shri-parni, Krishnavrintaka
Gmelina Arborea is commonly known as the gmelina, beechwood, Kashmir tree, goomer teak, Malay beechwood, yemane, white teak and the local name of this plant is gamhar. Actually, it is a fast-growing tree.
It is growing naturally throughout the great part of India. The maximum height of this tree is up to 1500 meters.
The plant is found growing in tropical semi-evergreen, moist and dry deciduous forest and prefers moist, fertile soil having good drainage and does not thrive on ill-drained soils and remains underdeveloped on dry, sandy or poor soils.
This tree is normally planted in the roadsides and gardens. It is also defined as the medicinal tree. In India, the leaves, flowers, fruits, stem, stem barks, and roots are used as medicinal purposes.
- This herb helps to improve digestion and absorption in the body.
- This herb is capable of overpowering pain and inflammation.
- This herb is very supportive of the normal function of the heart.
- It will help to maintain blood pressure at a normal level.
- It is also a natural anti-aging agent.
- It is also used to improve the functionality of the brain.
- This herb is also preventing hemorrhages.
- It can provide relief from the burning sensation.
- Gambhari roots are suitable remedies in ascites due to Vata.
- Fruit of this herbaceous plant is found to be a useful natural agent in bleeding disorders like nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc.
- Flowers have their use in Leprosy.
- Root and Bark is a beneficial herbal agent in hallucination, piles, abdominal pain, burning sensations, fever, tridosha diseases, and urinary infection.
- The decoction of its root can be used for abdominal tumors.
- External application of the paste of the leaves on the forehead lessens the headache, especially in fever.
- It helps in normalizing the abnormally raised temperature.
- It deals with thirst, Vata disorders wounds, and emaciation.
- This is also used to treat the snakebite.
Gamhar Tree Characteristics:
Plant Type: Tree
Height: 12-30 m
Width: 60-100 diameter
Growth Rate: Fast-growing deciduous tree
Flower Shape: Trumpet Shaped
Flower Color: reddish to yellow color
Flowering Season: February to April
Fruit Shape: ovate or pyriform
Fruit Size: 2-2.5 cm
Fruit Color: Dark green, turning yellow when ripe
Plant Parts Used: Root, bark, fruit, flower, leaves